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What is hyaluronic acid?

What Is Hyaluronic Acid?

Discover the benefits of hyaluronic acid and how it can improve your skincare routine. See how Photozyme can help you to…

Key Takeaways: 

  • Hydration Powerhouse: Hyaluronic acid is a naturally occurring substance in the human body that can retain up to 1000 times its weight in water. This makes it an exceptional ingredient in skincare products because it can deeply hydrate and plump the skin, reducing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
  • Versatile and Safe for All Skin Types: Suitable for all skin types, including sensitive, oily, and acne-prone skin, hyaluronic acid is a gentle yet effective component in many skincare formulations. It enhances skin hydration without causing irritation, making it a staple in both daily and specialized skincare routines.
  • Supports Aging Skin: As natural levels of hyaluronic acid decrease with age, topical application helps replenish skin hydration and elasticity. This supports the skin's natural barrier, promotes collagen production, and maintains a youthful complexion by minimizing signs of aging.


Hyaluronic acid, often referred to as the "fountain of youth" in the skincare industry, has gained immense popularity in recent years for its incredible moisturizing and anti-aging properties. Despite its somewhat intimidating name, hyaluronic acid is a naturally occurring substance in the human body, primarily found in the skin, connective tissues, and eyes. This powerful molecule has the ability to hold up to 1000 times its weight in water, making it a key ingredient in many skincare products for its exceptional hydrating benefits.

As we age, the levels of hyaluronic acid in our bodies decrease, leading to dry, dull skin and the formation of fine lines and wrinkles. By incorporating hyaluronic acid into our skincare routines, we can help replenish and maintain the skin's moisture levels, resulting in a more plump, youthful complexion.


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Understanding Hyaluronic Acid

Hyaluronic acid, a naturally occurring substance in the human body, is vital in skincare for its ability to hydrate and plump the skin, reducing fine lines and wrinkles. It attracts and retains moisture, enhancing skin texture and appearance when used in products like serums and creams. This molecule also supports wound healing and tissue repair, maintaining skin elasticity and firmness, and has antioxidant properties that boost its skincare benefits.

When selecting skincare products with hyaluronic acid, consider the concentration and formulation to ensure effectiveness. Higher concentrations target specific skin concerns, while milder formulations offer daily hydration. Incorporating hyaluronic acid into your skincare routine can promote healthier, more radiant skin by improving moisture retention, supporting collagen production, and protecting against environmental damage, benefiting various skin types and concerns.


The Science Behind Hyaluronic Acid

Hyaluronic acid is a key component in the human body, essential for maintaining skin hydration and elasticity. This glycosaminoglycan, which is part sugar, is abundant in the skin, connective tissues, and eyes. It helps retain collagen, boost moisture, and enhance flexibility by binding up to 1000 times its weight in water, making it an effective hydrating agent in skincare products. As it can plump the skin and diminish fine lines, its use in skincare helps maintain a youthful appearance.

The production of hyaluronic acid decreases with age, leading to dryness and wrinkles, but topical application can replenish its levels, restoring moisture and firmness. It forms a protective barrier to lock in moisture, offering prolonged hydration, and possesses anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, protecting against environmental damage and making it suitable for sensitive skin. The inclusion of hyaluronic acid in skincare routines leverages its properties for moisturizing and anti-aging effects.


Why DNA Repair Matters

Also known as photodamage, the skin’s DNA is very susceptible to damage from UV light.  Avoid the consequences of UV exposure. 80% of skin aging is due to the sun and no sunscreen is 100% effective. Your skin’s DNA is subject to daily environmental assaults accelerating skin aging. Your body can only process and repair about 50% of this damage in any given day. However, your skin is not defenseless against this damage. 


Where Photozyme Comes In

Thanks to our DNA Enzyme Technology, our products utilize a targeted delivery of natural repair enzymes to help prevent the signs of skin aging from surfacing. These enzymes are:

  • Plant-derived which mimic the body’s natural response to photodamage
  • Encapsulated in a proprietary lipsome delivery system which drives them into the skin delivering the cargo into the cell. 
  • Search and only adhere to the damaged DNA strand.
  • From here, the cell’s natural process takes over, extracting the damage and replicating a healthy DNA strand. 


Photozyme Products To Consider

Benefits of Hyaluronic Acid for Skin

Hyaluronic acid is a vital skincare ingredient, particularly effective for hydrating the skin. As a humectant, it draws and retains moisture, keeping the skin plump and hydrated, which is especially beneficial for dry, dehydrated, or mature skin. It also enhances skin elasticity, helping to reduce fine lines and wrinkles, making it a staple in anti-aging products.

Besides its moisturizing and anti-aging effects, hyaluronic acid offers soothing and anti-inflammatory benefits, ideal for calming sensitive skin and conditions like acne or rosacea. It supports the skin barrier, protecting against environmental stressors that accelerate aging, and its non-greasy texture suits all skin types. Incorporating hyaluronic acid into your skincare routine can significantly improve skin hydration, elasticity, and overall health, contributing to a more radiant complexion.


Hyaluronic Acid in Daily Skincare Routines

Hyaluronic acid is a key skincare ingredient that helps retain moisture and keep the skin hydrated and plump, combating dryness and reducing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles for a youthful, radiant look. Its humectant properties draw water from the environment and the skin's deeper layers to enhance hydration.

To incorporate hyaluronic acid into your skincare routine, consider using serums, moisturizers, or face masks enriched with this ingredient. Serums are particularly effective due to their lightweight texture and deep absorption capabilities. Applying a hyaluronic acid serum before your moisturizer can maximize hydration retention, making it beneficial for all skin types, including oily, dry, combination, or sensitive skin. By using hyaluronic acid daily, you can achieve smoother, more glowing skin over time.


How to Choose Hyaluronic Acid Products

When looking to incorporate hyaluronic acid into your skincare routine, it's essential to consider a few key factors to select the right products that will deliver the best results for your skin.

  1. Concentration of Hyaluronic Acid: Check the product label for the concentration of hyaluronic acid. Higher concentrations typically provide more intense hydration and anti-aging benefits. Look for products with at least 1% hyaluronic acid for effective results.
  2. Formulation Compatibility: Consider the formulation of the product and whether it suits your skin type. For example, if you have dry skin, opt for thicker creams or serums with hyaluronic acid that can provide deep hydration. If you have oily skin, look for lightweight, non-comedogenic formulas to prevent clogged pores.
  3. Additional Ingredients: Some hyaluronic acid products are combined with other beneficial ingredients like vitamins C and E, peptides, or ceramides. These combinations can enhance the overall effectiveness of the product, so choose based on your specific skincare needs.
  4. Product Reviews and Reputation: Before purchasing a hyaluronic acid product, take the time to read reviews from other users. This can give you valuable insights into how the product has performed for different skin types and concerns. Additionally, opt for reputable brands known for their quality skincare products.


Hyaluronic Acid and Aging Skin

As we age, our skin undergoes various changes, including reduced elasticity, moisture loss, and the formation of fine lines and wrinkles. Hyaluronic acid plays a crucial role in addressing these common signs of aging skin.

One of the key benefits of hyaluronic acid is its ability to retain moisture. As a natural humectant, it can hold up to 1000 times its weight in water, helping to keep the skin hydrated and plump. This hydration is essential for maintaining skin elasticity and firmness, which can diminish with age.


Target Damage At The Source 

While you’ve heard that sunscreen is the base for all, at Photozyme we’re interested in telling you why sunscreen is not enough. Thanks to leading dermatologists, Dr. Zoe Draelos and Dr. Flor Mayoral, Photozyme and its DNA repair enzymes are considered to be FUNDAMENTAL pillars of a healthy skincare regimen. Along with sunscreen and antioxidants, DNA repair enzymes make up the foundation for overall skin health.  

  • Without the protection and repair products which make up the fundamental base of the pyramid, the transform and optimize products will not be able to do their jobs properly.
  • DNA repair enzymes such as Photolyase, a key ingredient in Photozyme products, are imperative to prevent damage. 


Target Damage At The Source


Additionally, hyaluronic acid helps to support the skin's natural barrier function. By replenishing moisture levels in the skin, it can improve the overall texture and appearance of the complexion. This can help reduce the visibility of fine lines and wrinkles, giving the skin a more youthful and radiant look.

Another important role of hyaluronic acid is its ability to promote collagen production. Collagen is a protein that provides structure to the skin and is essential for maintaining its firmness and smoothness. As we age, collagen production naturally declines, leading to sagging and wrinkling. By stimulating collagen synthesis, hyaluronic acid can help to improve skin elasticity and reduce the signs of aging.

Incorporating hyaluronic acid into your skincare routine can be beneficial for addressing aging skin concerns. Whether through serums, creams, or supplements, this powerhouse ingredient can help hydrate, plump, and rejuvenate the skin, promoting a more youthful and radiant appearance.


Vitamin CE + Ferulic Acid Lotion


Myths About Hyaluronic Acid

Many myths surround hyaluronic acid, leading to confusion about its benefits and effects. Let's debunk some common misconceptions to help you better understand this skincare ingredient:


1. Hyaluronic Acid is Only for Dry Skin

One of the most widespread myths about hyaluronic acid is that it's only suitable for dry skin types. In reality, hyaluronic acid is a versatile ingredient that can benefit all skin types, including oily and combination skin. It helps to hydrate the skin without clogging pores, making it an excellent choice for various skincare concerns.


2. Hyaluronic Acid Cannot Be Used in Humid Climates

Another misconception is that hyaluronic acid is not effective in humid climates. While it's true that hyaluronic acid draws moisture from the environment, it can still provide hydration to the skin in humid conditions. When applied to damp skin and followed by a moisturizer, hyaluronic acid can lock in the moisture and help maintain skin hydration levels.


3. Hyaluronic Acid Causes Skin Sensitivity

Some people believe that hyaluronic acid can cause skin sensitivity or irritation. However, hyaluronic acid is a gentle ingredient that's well-tolerated by most skin types. Unless you have a specific allergy or sensitivity to hyaluronic acid, this ingredient is unlikely to cause any adverse reactions.


4. Hyaluronic Acid is a Harsh Exfoliant

Contrary to popular belief, hyaluronic acid is not an exfoliant. It is a humectant that attracts moisture to the skin, helping to improve hydration and plumpness. If you're looking to exfoliate your skin, you'll need to use a separate exfoliating product like a chemical exfoliant or a scrub.

By debunking these myths, you can make informed decisions about incorporating hyaluronic acid into your skincare routine. Remember, hyaluronic acid is a versatile and gentle ingredient that can benefit a wide range of skin types when used correctly.


Additional Reading: 

Frequently Asked Questions About Hyaluronic Acid


What are the benefits of hyaluronic acid for the skin?

Hyaluronic acid is a powerful humectant, meaning it draws moisture from the air into the skin, helping to keep the skin hydrated, plump, and youthful. Its hydrating properties can reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, improve skin elasticity, and provide a healthy glow.


How does hyaluronic acid work?

Hyaluronic acid works by retaining moisture in the skin. It can hold up to 1000 times its weight in water, making it an excellent ingredient for keeping the skin hydrated and volumized. When applied topically, it helps to attract and retain moisture in the skin, keeping it hydrated and supple.


Is hyaluronic acid safe for all skin types?

Yes, hyaluronic acid is generally safe for all skin types, including sensitive, oily, and acne-prone skin. Its gentle and hydrating properties make it a popular choice in many skincare products for people looking for effective hydration without the risk of irritation.


How often should you use hyaluronic acid?

Hyaluronic acid can be used daily, both in the morning and at night, depending on your skincare routine and the specific products you are using. It is often found in serums, creams, and masks that are designed for daily use.


What is the difference between hyaluronic acid and sodium hyaluronate?

Hyaluronic acid and sodium hyaluronate are related but have different molecular weights and penetration abilities. Sodium hyaluronate is a salt derived from hyaluronic acid and has a lower molecular weight, allowing it to penetrate the skin more deeply. Both are effective in hydrating the skin, but sodium hyaluronate may offer more profound moisture retention benefits.


Can you use hyaluronic acid with vitamin C?

Yes, hyaluronic acid can be used in conjunction with vitamin C. Combining these two ingredients can enhance their benefits, as vitamin C helps to protect and brighten the skin while hyaluronic acid provides hydration. It is recommended to apply vitamin C first and follow up with hyaluronic acid for maximum efficacy.


At what age should you start using hyaluronic acid?

Hyaluronic acid can be introduced into your skincare routine at any age, but it may become particularly beneficial as early as your 20s when the body's natural production of hyaluronic acid begins to decline. Incorporating it early on can help to maintain skin hydration and prevent the early signs of aging.


Does hyaluronic acid help with acne?

While hyaluronic acid is not a treatment for acne, its hydrating properties can benefit acne-prone skin. Keeping the skin properly hydrated can prevent the overproduction of oil, which is a common cause of acne. Additionally, its soothing properties can help to reduce redness and inflammation associated with acne.


Can hyaluronic acid replace a moisturizer?

Hyaluronic acid itself is not a moisturizer but a hydrator. It works best when paired with a moisturizer to lock in the hydration it provides. For optimal skin hydration, use hyaluronic acid before applying your regular moisturizer.


How is hyaluronic acid made?

Hyaluronic acid is naturally found in the human body, but the version used in skincare products is usually made through a process called biofermentation. This involves fermenting strains of bacteria to produce hyaluronic acid in a lab. This method allows for the production of hyaluronic acid that is identical to the kind found naturally in our skin, ensuring its effectiveness and compatibility.


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  2. Spencer JM, Morgan MB, Trapp KM, Moon SD. Topical formulation engendered alteration in p53 and cyclobutane pyrimidine dimer expression in chronic photodamaged patients. J Drugs Dermatol. 2013 Mar;12(3):336-40. PMID: 23545918.
  3. Carducci M, Pavone PS, De Marco G, Lovati S, Altabas V, Altabas K, Emanuele E. Comparative Effects of Sunscreens Alone vs Sunscreens Plus DNA Repair Enzymes in Patients With Actinic Keratosis: Clinical and Molecular Findings from a 6-Month, Randomized, Clinical Study. J Drugs Dermatol. 2015 Sep;14(9):986-90. PMID: 26355618.
  4. Mayoral FA, Kenner JR, Draelos ZD. The skin health and beauty pyramid: a clinically based guide to selecting topical skincare products. J Drugs Dermatol. 2014 Apr;13(4):414-21. PMID: 24719060.

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