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The beauty pyramid can help you build a skincare routine

Choosing Skincare Products Following The Beauty Pyramid

Learn how to choose the best skincare products following the beauty pyramid for optimal skin health and beauty.

Key Takeaways: 

  • The Beauty Pyramid Provides an Ideal Framework For Your Skincare Routine: The stages of the beauty pyramid outline the steps that should be included in a skincare routine.
  • Products Vary, But the Stages of the Pyramid Remain the Same: The stages of the beauty pyramid include cleansing, exfoliation, hydration, protection, and targeted treatments.
  • The Right Ingredients are Key: When choosing skincare products to build your own beauty pyramid, it’s important to choose the right products, and avoid harmful ingredients.


The world of skincare can often feel overwhelming, with an endless array of products promising various benefits and solutions. From cleansers to serums to masks, the options can be dizzying. However, experts in the field often recommend following a structured approach to skincare to ensure you are providing your skin with the essential care it needs. One such framework that has gained popularity in recent years is the beauty pyramid.

Similar to the food pyramid that outlines a balanced diet, the beauty pyramid categorizes skincare products based on their importance and frequency of use. By understanding and implementing the principles of the beauty pyramid, individuals can streamline their skincare routine, focus on the essentials, and achieve healthy, radiant skin.

In this article, we will take a look at the concept of the beauty pyramid and explore how you can choose skincare products that align with this approach. Whether you are a skincare enthusiast looking to optimize your routine or a beginner seeking guidance on where to start, understanding the beauty pyramid can be a valuable tool in achieving your skincare goals. Let's uncover the secrets to maintaining beautiful and glowing skin by following the principles of the beauty pyramid.


Serums are one stage of the beauty pyramid

Essential Skincare Layers Explained

When it comes to skincare, following the beauty pyramid can guide you in selecting the right products to achieve healthy and vibrant skin. Understanding the essential skincare layers can help you establish a routine that addresses your skin's specific needs.


The foundation of any skincare routine, cleansing removes impurities, excess oil, and dead skin cells from the skin's surface. Use a gentle cleanser suited to your skin type to prevent stripping the skin of its natural oils.


Exfoliation helps to unclog pores, smooth skin texture, and promote cell turnover for a brighter complexion. Choose between chemical exfoliants like AHAs and BHAs or physical exfoliants like scrubs, depending on your skin sensitivity.


Hydration is crucial for maintaining skin health and elasticity. Incorporate a hydrating serum or moisturizer containing ingredients like hyaluronic acid to replenish moisture and lock it in for a plump, glowing complexion.


Shielding your skin from environmental aggressors like UV rays is essential for preventing premature aging and damage. Apply a broad-spectrum sunscreen with at least SPF 30 daily, even on cloudy days, to safeguard your skin.

Targeted Treatments

Address specific skin concerns like acne, hyperpigmentation, or aging with targeted treatments like serums or creams formulated with active ingredients such as retinol, vitamin C, or niacinamide.

By incorporating these essential skincare layers into your routine following the beauty pyramid, you can tailor your regimen to address your skin's unique needs effectively. Remember to consult with skincare professionals or dermatologists to customize your routine for optimal results.

Why DNA Repair Matters

Also known as photodamage, the skin’s DNA is very susceptible to damage from UV light.  Avoid the consequences of UV exposure. 80% of skin aging is due to the sun and no sunscreen is 100% effective. Your skin’s DNA is subject to daily environmental assaults accelerating skin aging. Your body can only process and repair about 50% of this damage in any given day. However, your skin is not defenseless against this damage. 

Where Photozyme Comes In

Thanks to our DNA Enzyme Technology, our products utilize a targeted delivery of natural repair enzymes to help prevent the signs of skin aging from surfacing. These enzymes are:

  • Plant-derived which mimic the body’s natural response to photodamage
  • Encapsulated in a proprietary lipsome delivery system which drives them into the skin delivering the cargo into the cell. 
  • Search and only adhere to the damaged DNA strand.
  • From here, the cell’s natural process takes over, extracting the damage and replicating a healthy DNA strand. 

Why Sunscreen Is Not Enough 

Below you will see a bar chart referencing why sunscreen is simply not enough. Researchers intended to study the exposure of human skin to ultraviolet radiation (UVR). UVR exposure results in the formation of DNA photolesions which eventually give rise to photoaging, mutations, cell death, and even carcinogenic events. 

However, when a DNA repair enzyme, such as photolyase, is introduced it works to reverse damage caused by that UVR exposure. The intention was to investigate if the addition of photolyase works to enhance the protection of sunscreen. After testing, they found that photolyase with the addition of sunscreen was superior to only using sunscreen alone. 

The major finding (shown below) gives weight to the thinking that photolyase is a helpful addition to your skincare routine. This may make a world of difference as we all work to prevent UVR-induced DNA damage.  



Reference: Berardesca E, Bertona M, Altabas K, Altabas V, Emanuele E. Reduced ultraviolet-induced DNA damage and apoptosis in human skin with topical application of a photolyase-containing DNA repair enzyme cream: clues to skin cancer prevention. Mol Med Rep. 2012 Feb;5(2):570-4. doi: 10.3892/mmr.2011.673. Epub 2011 Nov 11. PMID: 22086236.

The Importance Of Sunscreen In Daily Regimen

Sunscreen is a crucial step in any skincare routine, regardless of age or skin type. Not only does it protect against harmful UV rays that can cause premature aging, sunburn, and skin cancer, but it also helps maintain overall skin health.

UV rays from the sun can penetrate the skin and cause damage at a cellular level. This damage can lead to the breakdown of collagen and elastin, resulting in wrinkles, sagging skin, and uneven skin tone. By applying sunscreen daily, you create a barrier between your skin and these harmful rays, preventing long-term damage and maintaining a more youthful appearance.

In addition to protecting against aging, sunscreen also plays a vital role in preventing skin cancer. Skin cancer is one of the most common types of cancer globally, and UV exposure is a significant risk factor for developing it. By incorporating sunscreen into your daily skincare regimen, you significantly reduce your risk of developing skin cancer, making it a fundamental aspect of overall skin health.

When selecting a sunscreen, opt for a broad-spectrum formula with a minimum SPF of 30. Broad-spectrum sunscreens protect against both UVA and UVB rays, providing comprehensive protection against sun damage. It's essential to apply sunscreen generously and reapply every two hours, especially when outdoors or engaging in activities that cause sweating.

Incorporating sunscreen into your daily skincare routine is a proactive approach to protecting your skin from the sun's harmful effects and maintaining healthy, radiant skin for years to come.

Identifying Active Ingredients And Their Benefits

When it comes to skincare products, understanding the active ingredients and their benefits is crucial to making informed choices for your skin. The beauty industry is flooded with an abundance of products, each claiming to work wonders, but not all ingredients are created equal. Knowing which active ingredients are effective for your specific skin concerns is key to achieving the desired results.

One of the fundamental principles of skincare is following the beauty pyramid, which emphasizes building a solid foundation with essential steps in your skincare routine. At the base of the pyramid are the basic steps like cleansing and moisturizing, followed by targeted treatments and protection at the top. Incorporating products with the right active ingredients at each level of the pyramid can optimize the overall health and appearance of your skin.

Common active ingredients like retinol, hyaluronic acid, vitamin C, niacinamide, and peptides have proven benefits for various skin concerns. Retinol, a form of vitamin A, is known for its anti-aging properties and ability to improve skin texture and tone. Hyaluronic acid is a hydrating powerhouse that helps to attract and retain moisture in the skin, promoting a plump and youthful complexion.

Vitamin C is a potent antioxidant that brightens the skin and protects it from environmental damage, while niacinamide helps to reduce redness, minimize pores, and improve overall skin texture. Peptides are amino acid chains that can help stimulate collagen production, leading to firmer and more resilient skin.

By identifying the active ingredients that target your specific skin needs, you can tailor your skincare routine to address concerns like aging, hydration, pigmentation, or acne. Consulting with a skincare professional or dermatologist can further guide you in selecting products with the right ingredients to achieve your desired results. Remember, consistency is key in skincare, so stay committed to your routine and give your skin time to reap the benefits of these powerful active ingredients.

How To Spot Harmful Components In Skincare Products

When it comes to skincare products, it's crucial to pay attention to the ingredients listed on the labels. Some components can be harmful to your skin and overall well-being. Here are some tips on how to identify and avoid these harmful ingredients:

  • Parabens: Look out for ingredients with names ending in -paraben, such as methylparaben or propylparaben. Parabens are preservatives commonly used in skincare products but have been linked to hormone disruption and skin irritation.
  • Sulfates: Ingredients like sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS) and sodium laureth sulfate (SLES) are often found in cleansers and can strip the skin of its natural oils, causing dryness and irritation.
  • Artificial fragrances: Fragrances may make a product smell pleasant, but they can contain a mix of chemicals that may trigger allergies or irritate the skin. Opt for products with natural essential oils instead.
  • Formaldehyde releasers: These are preservatives that slowly release formaldehyde, a known carcinogen. Look for ingredients like DMDM hydantoin, imidazolidinyl urea, and quaternion-15 on labels and avoid products containing them.
  • Mineral oil: Mineral oil is a common ingredient in skincare products, but it can clog pores and prevent the skin from breathing properly. Choose products with lighter oils like jojoba or almond oil instead.

By being mindful of these harmful components and checking product labels before purchasing, you can make informed decisions about the skincare products you use and ensure they contribute positively to your skin health.

Tailoring Your Skincare Routine To Your Skin Type

When it comes to skincare, customization is key. Understanding and catering to your skin type is essential for achieving healthy, radiant skin. The beauty pyramid can serve as a helpful guide in selecting the right skincare products and routines tailored to your specific needs.

  • Cleansing: Begin your skincare routine with a gentle cleanser that suits your skin type. If you have oily or acne-prone skin, opt for a foaming or salicylic acid-based cleanser. Dry skin may benefit from a hydrating, creamy cleanser to prevent further drying out of the skin.
  • Exfoliation: Exfoliation helps remove dead skin cells and promote cell turnover. For sensitive skin, consider chemical exfoliants like AHAs or BHAs, whereas physical exfoliation with a gentle scrub can benefit those with thicker skin.
  • Treatment: Target specific skin concerns with treatment products like serums or spot treatments. For acne-prone skin, look for ingredients like benzoyl peroxide or tea tree oil. Anti-aging concerns can be addressed with retinol or vitamin C serums.
  • Moisturization: Hydrating the skin is crucial for all skin types. Choose a moisturizer that suits your needs, whether it's a lightweight gel for oily skin or a rich cream for dry skin. Don't forget to apply sunscreen during the day to protect your skin from harmful UV rays.
  • Protection: Sunscreen is a non-negotiable step in any skincare routine. Opt for a broad-spectrum SPF to shield your skin from the damaging effects of UV radiation. Reapply every two hours, especially when spending time outdoors.

By following the beauty pyramid and tailoring your skincare routine to your skin type, you can achieve healthier, glowing skin that looks and feels its best. Experiment with different products and techniques to find what works best for you, and don't forget consistency is key in maintaining skin health.

Target Damage At The Source 

While you’ve heard that sunscreen is the base for all, at Photozyme we’re interested in telling you why sunscreen is not enough. Thanks to leading dermatologists, Dr. Zoe Draelos and Dr. Flor Mayoral, Photozyme and its DNA repair enzymes are considered to be FUNDAMENTAL pillars of a healthy skincare regimen. Along with sunscreen and antioxidants, DNA repair enzymes make up the foundation for overall skin health.  

  • Without the protection and repair products which make up the fundamental base of the pyramid, the transform and optimize products will not be able to do their jobs properly.
  • DNA repair enzymes such as Photolyase, a key ingredient in Photozyme products, are imperative to prevent damage. 


Hydration Vs. Moisturization: Knowing The Difference

Understanding the difference between hydration and moisturization is crucial for achieving optimal skin health. Hydration refers to the water content in your skin cells, while moisturization refers to the ability to retain that water within the skin.

Hydration is fundamental for maintaining skin elasticity and overall health. Dehydrated skin can appear dull, feel tight, and may be more prone to wrinkles and fine lines. This is where hydrating products come into play. These products typically contain ingredients like hyaluronic acid, glycerin, and ceramides that help attract and bind water to the skin, keeping it plump and hydrated.

On the other hand, moisturization is essential for creating a protective barrier on the skin's surface to prevent water loss. Moisturizers are emollients that contain ingredients like oils, butters, and occlusives such as petrolatum or dimethicone. These ingredients help seal in moisture, preventing trans-epidermal water loss and maintaining the skin's integrity.

When choosing skincare products, it's important to strike a balance between hydrating and moisturizing ingredients to ensure your skin gets the best of both worlds. Look for products that combine hydrating ingredients to provide immediate moisture to the skin, along with moisturizing components to lock that moisture in for lasting hydration.

By understanding the difference between hydration and moisturization, you can tailor your skincare routine to address specific skin concerns effectively. Remember, hydrated skin is healthy skin, and a well-moisturized barrier is essential for locking in that hydration and maintaining skin health in the long run.

Navigating The World Of Exfoliants

Exfoliation is a key step in any skincare routine. It helps to remove dead skin cells, unclog pores, and reveal smoother, brighter skin. With a myriad of exfoliants available in the market, it can be overwhelming to choose the right one for your skin type and concerns. Understanding the different types of exfoliants and their benefits can help you navigate through the options and make an informed decision.

  • Physical Exfoliants: These exfoliants work by physically buffing away dead skin cells. Common physical exfoliants include scrubs, brushes, and sponges. While effective, physical exfoliants can be harsh on the skin if not used gently. It's important to avoid products with large, rough particles that can cause micro-tears in the skin.
  • Chemical Exfoliants: Chemical exfoliants use acids like alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) and beta hydroxy acids (BHAs) to dissolve dead skin cells and promote cell turnover. AHAs are best for dry and sun-damaged skin, while BHAs work well for acne-prone and oily skin. These exfoliants are generally gentler than physical exfoliants but can still cause irritation if used incorrectly.
  • Enzyme Exfoliants: Enzyme exfoliants use natural enzymes like papain from papaya or bromelain from pineapple to break down dead skin cells. They are milder than both physical and chemical exfoliants, making them suitable for sensitive skin types. Enzyme exfoliants are great for those looking for a gentle yet effective exfoliation option.

When choosing an exfoliant, consider your skin type, concerns, and sensitivity. It's essential to start slowly, integrating exfoliants into your routine once or twice a week and adjusting frequency based on how your skin reacts. Remember, exfoliation should leave your skin glowing, not irritated.

Final Thoughts

Following the beauty pyramid can be a game-changer in your skincare routine. By understanding the hierarchy of skincare needs and choosing products that align with each level, you can achieve healthier, more radiant skin.

Remember, the foundation of the beauty pyramid is cleansing and protection. Investing in high-quality cleansers and sunscreen is essential for maintaining skin health and preventing damage from environmental stressors. Moving up the pyramid, hydration and correction play crucial roles in addressing specific skin concerns and maintaining optimal skin function. Finally, the pinnacle of the pyramid focuses on stimulation and protection against aging, helping to boost collagen production and combat signs of aging.

At Photozyme, we understand the importance of following the beauty pyramid and offer a range of innovative skincare products that cater to each level. Our commitment to excellence and product development means that you can trust in the quality and efficacy of our products. Whether you are a skincare professional or a consumer looking to elevate your skincare routine, Photozyme has the solutions you need to achieve your skin goals.

Take the first step towards healthier, more luminous skin by incorporating the principles of the beauty pyramid into your daily skincare regimen. With the right products and a consistent routine, you can unlock the potential of your skin and enjoy the beauty benefits for years to come.


Hydration is a key step in the beauty pyramid

Read also:

Frequently Asked Questions on Navigating Skincare with the Beauty Pyramid


What is the beauty pyramid?

The beauty pyramid is a comprehensive guide designed to help individuals make informed decisions when selecting skincare products. It prioritizes skincare needs from the most fundamental products at the base, to more targeted treatments at the top, ensuring a balanced and effective skincare routine.

How does the beauty pyramid guide skincare product selection?

The beauty pyramid organizes skincare into levels based on necessity and efficacy. It starts with essential skincare practices at its base, such as sun protection and moisturization, and progresses to targeted treatments like serums and exfoliants. This structure helps individuals to build a skincare regimen that addresses general to specific skin health needs systematically.

What are the key categories of skincare in the beauty pyramid?

The beauty pyramid is typically divided into several key categories, including:

  1. Base layer: Basic skincare essentials such as cleansers, moisturizers, and sunscreens.
  2. Middle layer: Corrective products like serums and toners that target specific skin concerns.
  3. Top layer: Advanced treatments, including chemical peels, retinoids, or antioxidant-rich formulations designed for more intensive care.

Why is it important to consider skin type when following the beauty pyramid?

Because skin type (oily, dry, combination, sensitive, and normal) significantly influences how your skin reacts to various products and ingredients. Following the beauty pyramid with your specific skin type in mind ensures you select products that provide the best care without causing irritation or exacerbating skin issues.

How often should I reevaluate my skincare routine based on the beauty pyramid?

It's advisable to reevaluate your skincare routine seasonally or whenever there are significant changes in your skin condition, environment, or lifestyle. This approach ensures your regimen remains effective and responsive to your skin's evolving needs.

Can the beauty pyramid approach be applied to all skin tones?

Yes, the beauty pyramid approach is universally applicable. While the essence of the pyramid remains consistent, the product selections can be tailored to meet the specific needs and concerns often associated with different skin tones.

How do I know if a skincare product fits into the beauty pyramid model?

Evaluate where your skin concern falls within the pyramid's structure – whether it's a foundational need like hydration or a more specific target like hyperpigmentation. Products should be chosen based on their function and ingredients, ensuring they appropriately address the corresponding level of the beauty pyramid your concern fits into.

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